How do you know if you have gum disease? By familiarizing yourself with gum disease symptoms, you can get proper care immediately if you develop a problem. Once you know the best dental care advice, you can prevent gum disease from happening or keep it from progressing.
Warning Signs of Gum Disease
There are several symptoms that can alert you to the presence of gum disease. If you have any of the symptoms listed below, be sure to schedule a visit to your dentist. Your dentist will be able to tell you whether you have gum disease, to what degree it has progressed and what kinds of treatments are necessary.
Here are some common gum disease symptoms:
- Swollen gums.
- Loose teeth.
- Pockets between your gums and teeth.
- Changes in the way your teeth fit together.
Types of Gum Disease
Improper oral care can lead to gum disease. There are two different stages: Gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. It is an inflammation of the gums, and it is caused by plaque and tartar buildup on teeth.
Untreated gingivitis can turn into periodontitis. This disease infects the gum tissue more seriously, causes gum pockets and infection of the bone tissue. In more advanced stages of periodontitis, your teeth can become loose and in some cases may even fall out.
What You Can Do
Stay one step ahead of gum disease by maintaining good oral hygiene at home. Make sure to brush and floss every day to remove harmful bacteria. See your dentist at least twice a year for routine cleanings and to check for cavities and gum disease. If you do have some form of gum disease, your dentist will recommend in-office treatment such as a deep cleaning below the gum line. If the gum disease has progressed to periodontal disease, then a consultation appointment with a gum specialist also known as a periodontist may be recommended by your dentist. By working with your dentist and taking care of your teeth at home, you’ll improve your chances of fighting gum disease.