Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gums and tissues that support your teeth. It comes in two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. One of the chief causes of this is due to tartar and plaque buildup around the gums. This will cause the gums to become inflamed. If you neglect to brush and floss your teeth on a regular basis, the plaque will lock in bacteria that can cause periodontal disease. Your gums will appear red and swollen. They will tend to bleed if you brush or floss. This can be reversed if properly treated.
Periodontal disease can lead to other issues if it goes untreated. One of these issues is tooth loss. Your gums may recede or weaken to the point where your teeth can no longer be supported by them. At the same time, periodontal disease can also be linked to other health hazards such as heart disease and lung disease. Those with periodontal disease are most likely to suffer other health issues like heart attacks.
There are various periodontal treatments available. Non-surgical treatments are typically used for when gum disease is caught in its early stages. An example of this is scaling and root planing. This procedure involves the careful removal of plaque and tartar that is found in the affected gum area. The procedure will also include smoothing the dental root of any bacterial toxins and irritants.
Gum health is just as important as the health of your teeth. If you believe you may have periodontal disease, now is the time to set up an appointment. Call Sonata Dental in Airdrie today, and we will get you in as soon as possible to determine the best treatment options for your gums.